2022, Supplement 3
Cardiovasc Metab Sci 2022; 33 (S3)
The detection and study of patient with high blood pressure
Enciso-Muñoz, José Manuel; Olvera-Ruiz, Rafael; Patiño-Llamas, Alfredo Manuel
ABSTRACTHigh blood pressure (HBP) is the most important cardiovascular risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Patients with uncomplicated HBP without target organ damage are usually asymptomatic. This leads to significant underdiagnosis of HBP, which contributes to a great extent to the poor control of the hypertensive population, which increases likelihood for complications. In this review, we summarize the clinical presentation of HBP, as well as the role of physical examination, laboratory, and complementary studies as well as the impact of these in the diagnosis of HBP. We also assess the role of HBP in mediating cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular outcomes and pathophysiological changes which lead to impaired vascular and cardiovascular function in patients living with HBP.