2022, Number 4
Cardiovasc Metab Sci 2022; 33 (4)
Cardiac amyloidosis with acute heart failure as a clinical presentation
Arango-Moreno, Ricardo; Duque-Ramírez, Mauricio; Medina-Medina, Ángela; Orrego-Garay, María José; Duarte-Suárez, Néstor Ricardo
ABSTRACTAmyloidosis is a deposit disease, in which a specific protein precursor inadequately folds from its tertiary structure to a flatter one, generating multisystemic deposits that affect the organs' function. A non-systematic review of the literature was performed, and multiple reports of cardiac amyloidosis in the American and European populations were found. However, no cases of cardiac amyloidosis with acute heart failure were exhibited in elderly patients in Latin America. The case of an elderly patient who debuted with acute heart failure in which cardiac compromise due to amyloid deposits was evidenced is presented below. Clinical suspicion is fundamental, as cardiovascular involvement has increased in frequency in recent years, and a timely diagnosis often determines the prognosis.